Embedding of Poorly Water-Soluble Drugs in Orodispersible Films-Comparison of Five Formulation Strategies
The poor bioavailability of many newly developed active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) poses a major challenge in formulation development. To overcome this issue, strategies such as the preparation of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs), and the application of the APIs in lipid nanocarriers or the wet-milling of the substances into nanoparticles have been introduced. In addition to an efficient formulation strategy, a dosage form that is accepted by all patients is also of great importance. To enable a simple application of the oral dosage form for all patients, orodispersible films (ODFs) are a very promising delivery platform for the APIs because the films directly disintegrate in the mouth. In this study, two poorly water-soluble APIs, fenofibrate and naproxen, were formulated using five different formulation strategies and then embedded in ODFs. It was found that the deliverable amount of API with one ODF highly depends on the formulation strategy as well as the physicochemical properties of the formulated API. The most promising film formulations were ASD-ODFs as well as films with API-loaded lipid nanoemulsions. Both showed a reduction of the dissolution time of the APIs from the ODF compared to an ODF with unformulated API micro particles. In addition, short disintegration times were achieved, although the mechanical film properties were slightly worse compared to the API-free film formulation.