Reconstruction of Mercury's internal magnetic field beyond the octupole
The reconstruction of Mercury’s internal magnetic field enables us to take a look into the inner heart of Mercury. In view of the BepiColombo mission, Mercury’s magnetosphere is simulated using a hybrid plasma code, and the multipoles of the internal magnetic field are estimated from the virtual spacecraft data using three distinct reconstruction methods: the truncated singular value decomposition, the Tikhonov regularization and Capon’s minimum variance projection. The study shows that a precise determination of Mercury’s internal field beyond the octupole up to the dotriacontapole is possible and that Capon’s method provides the same high performance as the Tikhonov regularization,
which is superior to the performance of the truncated singular value decomposition.