PorphyStruct : A Digital Tool for the Quantitative Assignment of Non-Planar Distortion Modes in Four-Membered Porphyrinoids
PorphyStruct, a new digital tool for the analysis of non-planar distortion modes of different porphyrinoids, and its application to corrole structures is reported. The program makes use of the normal-coordinate structure decomposition technique (NSD) and employs sets of normal modes equivalent to those established for porphyrins in order to describe the out-of-plane dislocation pattern of perimeter atoms from corroles, norcorroles, porphycenes and other porphyrinoids quantitatively and in analogy to the established terminology. A comparative study of 17 porphyrin structures shows very similar results to the original NSD analysis and no systematic error. Application to corroles is successful and reveals the necessity to implement an extended basis of normal modes for a large share of experimental structures. The results frequently show the concomitant occurence of several modes but remain interpretable. For group XI metal corroles the phenomenon of supersaddling was unravelled, allowing for more in-depths discussions of structure-function correlations.