Shear Bond between Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete Overlays and Normal Strength Concrete Substrates
Strengthening or retrofitting of existing structures is a more sustainable and resourceefficient solution than replacing them with new constructions. To enhance the performance and effectiveness of strengthening works the use of high-performance materials is a promising method. Using ultra-high performance fibre reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) as supplementary concrete is one of such solutions leading to high structural resistance and better durability. For such UHPFRC overlays the shear bond resistance of the interface between the existing substrate, usually normal strength concrete (NSC), and the UHPFRC is a significant design aspect. This paper presents the results of push-off tests conducted on NSC-UHPFRC specimens, which were produced with different substrate treatment methods. Using different surface measurement techniques including the sand patch method and digital microscopy, the effects of substrate roughness and treatment method on shear bond behaviour and failure mechanisms are investigated, and the results are analysed with design approaches and further calculation models in the technical literature. Based on the results, the significance of considering roughness parameters and failure mode for the design of high-performance overlays is highlighted. Furthermore, the effectiveness of different substrate
treatment methods is discussed and an effective treatment method is suggested.