Effect of the Anionic Counterpart: Molybdate vs. Tungstate in Energy Storage for Pseudo-Capacitor Applications
Nickel-based bimetallic oxides (BMOs) have shown significant potential in battery-type electrodes for pseudo-capacitors given their ability to facilitate redox reactions. In this work, two bimetallic oxides, NiMoO4 and NiWO4, were synthesized using a wet chemical route. The structure and electrochemical properties of the pseudo-capacitor cathode materials were characterized. NiMoO4 showed superior charge storage performance in comparison to NiWO4, exhibiting a discharge capacitance of 124 and 77 F.g-1, respectively. NiMoO4, moreover, demonstrates better capacity retention after 1000 cycles with 87.14% compared to 82.22% for NiWO4. The lower electrochemical performance of the latter was identified to result from the redox behavior during cycling. NiWO4 reacts in the alkaline solution and forms a passivation layer composed of WO3 on the electrode, while in contrast, the redox behavior of NiMoO4 is fully reversible.